The USA Presidents.Abraham Lincoln

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The USA Presidents

Abrham Lincoln Story

Saource  photo wordisbeing.wordpress.com

Chi fu Abraham Lincoln?

Lincoln fu  l’ uomo che portò l’ America a diventare la  più grande potenza commerciale e militare del mondo, egli  fu il creatore   di un una nuova  America fondata sull’ Unità  degli  Stati  e sulla forza del potere federale. La sua azione politica e militare avrebbe avuto nel futuro un enorme ed in incalcolabile  sviluppo. L’ America ai tempi di Abraham Lincoln era ancora un Paese  arretrato che andava espandendosi, dello spirito dei tempi aveva sposato la democrazia e lo slancio verso la libertà che le armate napoleoniche stavano diffondendo in tutta Europa, ma nella sua intima struttura conservava ancora delle istituzioni che scandalizzavano il cittadino evoluto europeo , svezzato dalla Rivoluzione Francese e dai principi illuministici e giacobini, la pena di morte e l’ istituzione della schiavitù. Lincoln diede  un colpo di ascia deciso alla seconda provocando quella che viene chiamata  guerra civile. La forza di Lincoln fu nel sapere guardare al futuro e nel sapere in parte contrattare questo futuro con le forze  dominanti sempre  resistenti alle innovazioni estreme. Abolire la schiavitù, una  istituzione che sebbene non fosse contemplata dalla Carta Costituzionale americana era in ogni caso prassi quasi costituzionale nel  Sud, non era una impresa facile date le forze  politiche e gli enormi interessi economici in gioco. Lincoln con una terribile guerra costrinse queste forze a scontarsi e poi a fare trionfare la propria visione del futuro. La idea cruciale di Lincoln era che una America unita rifiutava lo schiavismo, e riuscì alla fine a rendere questa idea costituzionale tramite il 13° emendamento fatto votare dalla Camera e dal Senato alla fine della Guerra Civile, se il Proclama del 1862 liberava effettivamente i negri delle piantagioni del Sud, il 13° Emendamento rendeva il Proclama costituzionale ed inalienabile per sempre, e quindi liberava per sempre le popolazioni di colore. Appare chiaro  che una simile visione trovò una forte resistenza negli Stati del Sud che alla fine ne uscirono sconfitti. E siccome la storia come i suoi personaggi possono essere visti attraverso una serie di chiaroscuri che  avvolte ne contraddicono la immagine, Lincoln fu visto dal Sud come un giacobino tiranno e anticostituzionale, che invece di favorire lo spirito di libertà e di impresa  che aveva spinto i Padri a fondare l’ America attraverso la Ribellione delle Colonie, agiva da tiranno e ed era coercitivo verso la libera impresa e verso la grande ricchezza accumulata nel Sud attraverso le piantagioni. I democratici più accesi sostennero questo e videro in Lincoln non solo il proprio nemico personale, ma anche il nemico dell’ America fondata sui principi di libertà da Washington e Jefferson.Questa conflitto costò all’ America la Guerra Civile che pesò sulle spalle, anche se robuste, del già provato dalla  vita Abraham Lincoln, forse fu un conflitto che sorse anche nella sua mente, ed essendo Lincoln un uomo di grande onestà e moralità, dovette renderlo in certi momenti più oscuro, saturnino e chiuso in sé stesso. Era giusto quello che stava facendo? Era giusto scatenare una guerra fratricida fra gli americani che avevano fondato gli Stati Uniti nello spirito dei Padri? Alla fine vinse la convinzione che questo era giusto e questa convinzione  si trasmise in tutti, così che la sua salma attraversò in quei terribili giorni gli Stati che lo avevano sorretto  e la onorarono diventando  quasi una leggenda, lo  amico dei negri veniva ucciso da un folle o da un sicario di qualche società per al difesa dei bianchi in un teatro di Washington D.C., iniziava così il terribile  capitolo americano del K.K.K.

Who was Abraham Lincoln?

Lincoln was the man who brought America to become the largest commercial and military power in the world, he was the creator of a new America based on units of states and on the strength of federal power. His political and military action would have in the future an enormous and incalculable development. The America at the time of Abraham Lincoln was still a backward country that was expanding, the spirit of the times had married the momentum towards democracy and freedom that the armies of Napoleon were spreading throughout Europe, but still retained its intimate structure of the institutions that evolved shocked the European citizen, weaned from the French Revolution and the Enlightenment principles and the Jacobins, the death penalty and the institution of slavery. Lincoln gave a stroke of ax decided the second causing what is called civil war. The strength of Lincoln was in knowing look to the future and know in the future to negotiate this with the dominant forces increasingly resistant to extreme innovations. Abolish slavery, an institution that although it was not contemplated by the Constitution American was in any event almost constitutional practice in the South, was not an easy task given the political forces and the huge economic interests at stake. Lincoln with a terrible war forced these forces to clash  and then make their triumphant vision of the future. The crucial idea of Lincoln was that a united America refused slavery, and she was finally able to make this idea through the 13th constitutional amendment made to vote by the House and Senate at the end of the Civil War, when the Emancipation Proclamation of 1862 freed the blacks actually the plantations of the South, the 13th Amendment made the Emancipation Proclamation Constitutional and inalienable forever, forever and then freed people of color. It is clear that such a view found a strong resistance in the South that eventually came out defeated. And since the story as the characters can be seen through a series of light and dark that sometimes they contradict the image, Lincoln was seen by the South as a Jacobin and unconstitutional tyrant, that instead of promoting the spirit of freedom and enterprise that had pushed the Fathers to found the America ‘through the Rebellion of the Colonies, and acted as a tyrant and was compelled to free enterprise and to the great wealth accumulated through plantations in the South. The Democrats argued that the most vocal and saw in Lincoln not only his personal enemy, but the enemy of America was founded on the principles of Washington and Jefferson. This conflict claimed to the America the Civil War that weighed on his shoulders, even if strong of already tried Abraham Lincoln from life, maybe it was a conflict that arose also in his mind, Lincoln and being a man of great honesty and morality, he had to make at times more dark, saturnine and closed in itself. It was just what he was doing? It was right to unleash a civil war between the Americans who founded the United States in the spirit of the Fathers? Eventually won the conviction that this was right and this belief is transmitted in all, so that her body went through those terrible days in the States that had supported and honored to become almost a legend, the friend of the blacks was killed by a madman or by a gunman of some companies for the defense of the whites in a theater in Washington DC, began like the terrible American chapter of the KKK. Thanks for the attention. Sal G.

Sorry! This is a Google electronic translation on line, this is not the original italian text! 

Source Photo biographi.com

Stephen Douglas

“Let the people rule!”

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Abraham Lincoln in Movie

Lincoln by Steven Spielberg

Foto: Sourcephoto Google.it

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